howto:safety:risk_assessment

Risk Assessment - Old version from Downer

Many of the assessments of risk from Downer on this page seem to be out of proportion to the actual risk.
They have been left on the page so they can be checked for ideas when doing our new risk assessment,
But please don't just copy them straight across to the new register on Risk Register

Slips, Trips & Falls - wet area uneven edge (marked), drain pipes, concrete floor.

Likelihood - Unlikely, Consequences - Major

  • Require enclosed footwear
  • Solid footing
  • Drain pipes, fit a sink or something else
  • Rules to keep space clean & tidy

Likelihood - Unlikely, Consequences - Major

Bludgeoning from falling heavy objects

Likelihood - Unlikely, Consequences - Major

  • Covered footwear
  • Rules about carrying heavy objects
  • Rules about storing heavy objects
  • Securing heavy/stationary tools down
  • Keeping work areas and storage areas tidy

Likelihood - Rare, Consequences - Major

Cuts from sharp hand tools & parts with sharp edges

Likelihood - Frequent, Consequences - Minor

  • Rules about proper use of tools - not abusing tools
  • No drinking and using hand tools

Likelihood - Unlikely, Consequences - Minor

Catch hazards - any tool with moving parts

Likelihood - Unlikely, Consequences - Major

  • Have a separate machine tool area
  • No loose clothing or hair when in machine tool area

Likelihood - Rare, Consequences - Major

Hazardous Chemicals - TBD/WiP

  • Read MSDSs (Material Safety Datasheets) for respective chemicals prior to use, specifically any actionable advice regarding safe use and emergency response. We should strive to obtain any equipment/aids/chemicals suggested in the safe use and emergency response sections of the MSDS.
  • A hardcopy (ring-binder?) of all MSDSs should be kept with the chemicals (do we already have this?)
  • Occasionally review chemicals storage requirements. Good MSDSs have advice on unsafe combinations of chemicals which shouldn't be stored together. At a minimum, review should be done any time a new chemical is introduced.
  • Maintain the chemicals register. This can be useful for emergency workers when something goes wrong. Ideally, the first page(s) of the MSDS ring-binder would be a current printout of a table of common names, CAS/UN numbers, DG classification, risk phrases etc. of all the chemicals in use at MHV.
  • Keep the location of MSDS hardcopies, chemicals register, chemicals storage location, first-aid stuff integrated with the building's official fire safety management plan

Electric shocks from Mains devices

Likelihood - Possible, Consequences - Extreme

  • Residual Current Devices in designated areas, mains devices only opened in these areas
  • Mains devices always unplugged before opening
  • Connecting open mains devices only when via isolation current transformer
  • Standard Operating Procedure for mains powered devices - to be followed
  • 3-phase devices to be tested before connecting
  • No connecting open mains devices when alone in the space

Likelihood - Unlikely, Consequences - Major

Low Voltage Electricity - fire, electrical burns, exploding batteries

Likelihood - Possible, Consequences - Minor

  • Proper and appropriate fusing for all devices
  • Take care when working with batteries - do not short, proper fusing.

Likelihood - Unlikely, Consequences - Minor

Hearing damage from high noise levels (immediate or prolonged.)

Likelihood - Certain, Consequences - Major

  • Enclosures for loud devices when it can be operated inside an enclosure
  • Ear protection available and required for operators and people close by
  • Doors open to minimise reflected sound
  • Position furniture to wall off & sound deaden where possible
  • No using loud equipment when others' present without advance notice and providing ear protection
  • Future - Sound-deadened space

Likelihood - Unlikely, Consequences - Minor

Eye damage from optical hazards, ie bright lights & lasers.

Likelihood - Unlikely, Consequences - Major

  • Only operate laser equipment within legal requirements
  • Only operate lasers or bright light in designated area, with appropriate warning signage
  • Use appropriate eye protection for laser use - user(s) responsible for providing
  • No blink protection unsafe (more than Class 2) lasers until we have a separate room
  • Suitable beam dumps for any lasers
  • No using lasers or bright light when others' present without advance notice

Likelihood - Rare, Consequences - Major

Burns and eye damage from welding activities

Likelihood - Frequent, Consequences - Major

  • Appropriate clothing (long sleeves) and protective gear (masks, gauntlets) available and required for welding.
  • Use welders in desginated space, separated from main area or outdoors away from others.
  • No using welders when others' present without advance notice, warning not to look at welder.

Likelihood - Unlikely, Consequences - Minor

Swarf (bits of material) from tool use (cutting, grinding, drilling, etc.)

Likelihood - Frequent, Consequences - Major

  • Appropriate safety equipment - eye protection / gloves provided
  • Long sleeved clothing / overclothing required for anything that produces hot swarf, ie angle grinding
  • Keeping work area clean and tidy
  • Machine tool area for tools that are likely to produce shrapnel
  • Eye baths (at least portable ones)

Likelihood - Unlikely, Consequences - Minor

Inhaling dust - from cutting/grinding - ie MDF/Fibreglass dust.

Likelihood - Certain, Consequences - Major

  • Shopvac or other dust extraction system available, used during/after.
  • Work outside if possible
  • Inside dust work in machine area only, anyone close by to wear a mask, shopvac in use, doors open in other areas.
  • Dust masks suitable for type of dust (provide paper masks, users to provide other tools)
  • No ultrafine or hazardous dust or vapour in space (nothing that requires a respirator, until we have better ventilation.)

Likelihood - Unlikely, Consequences - Minor

Fire in space.

Likelihood - Unlikely, Consequences - Extreme

  • Fire extinguishers and hoses provided in space
  • All materials with MSDS should be stored as per MSDS Chemical/flammable storage space in chemical bund
  • Higher/bigger fire extinguisher signs - visible over furniture
  • Fire extinguishers to be regularly tested & tagged
  • All new members to be shown where the two fire extinguishers area, what they are used for, how to use
  • Have an evacuation plan
  • Smoke detectors installed

Likelihood - Rare, Consequences - Moderate

Small levels of smoke from soldering and other related regular activities.

Likelihood - Frequent, Consequences - Minor

  • Open roller doors when soldering, etc.
  • Portable extraction fans for soldering.
  • Larger fans for clearing the air.
  • Plan for a designated soldering area with extraction setup
  • Consider airflow to surrounding users when soldering

Likelihood - Unlikely, Consequences - Minor

Members not familiar with safe working practices.

Likelihood - Frequent, Consequences - Major

  • Induction in space required - demonstrate and show tools and safety equipment
  • Read and agree with safe working practices before working
  • Clear rules that you're not allowed to use anything you don't know how to operate safely and to ask someone who knows if you don't know
  • Tools marked in inventory as requiring induction & labelled as such Large tools (req. induction) need a record of who can give induction, and who has been inducted.
  • Put in the asset on the web site
  • Smaller tools, have a “safety rules” list laminated next to or with the tool 4 categories of tools:
    • No specific rules (low severity injuries, ie hammers, screwdrivers, stanley knives, and computers.)
    • Rules only (ie CRO), laminate rules and leave near device.
    • Self-Induction (ie angle grinder), laminate safety rules and attach list of inducted signatures on back, require people to read and sign before using. Label says “Self-Induction Signature Required.”
    • Full Induction (ie mill), laminate safey rules. Require people to be walked through safe use, list of approved inductors and inductees.
  • Safety rules can be a reformatted/copied relevant section of the user's manual
  • Post manuals on the web site (on the asset page) where possible.
  • Responsibility of donor/lender to provide this.
  • We will provide printer & a laminator and lamination sheets.

Likelihood - Rare, Consequences - Major

Members ignoring safe working practices

Likelihood - Frequent, Consequences - Major

  • Signage for rules to maintain awareness
  • Vigilance, official warnings, protocol for expulsion - at discretion of committee

Likelihood - Rare, Consequences - Major

Members injured while alone in space.

Likelihood - Frequent, Consequences - Major

  • List of activities that can't be done alone -
  • High risk tools (anything that could make you unable to contact emergency services ie severity Major or above, rotary tools, etc.)
  • Write these terms into the safety rules for the tool.
  • Keep a mobile phone on charger no SIM marked as 'dial 112 for emergency call' with our street address and instructions ADLS phone in space
  • Discourage people from using the space alone.

Likelihood - Possible, Consequences - Moderate

Non-members accessing the space.

Likelihood - Frequent, Consequences - Major

  • Every member has to keep an eye out for new people arriving to the space, asking them to wait until they've been met by a full member.
  • The full member who opened the space is responsible for new members, showing them the rules, giving quick induction tour, providing membership form & collecting membership.
  • Write an induction checklist and keep it in the space.
  • If the space is left unattended, roller doors should be closed (if not locked) & responsibility falls on the full member to secure the space.
  • Guests on special designated association-run events only

Likelihood - Rare, Consequences - Major

People bringing in unsafe objects

Likelihood - Frequent, Consequences - Major

  • People bringing new permanent tools/junk need to fill it in on the web site, and print/laminate safety rules if needed
  • Any items have to pass all of the safety rules, risk assessment hazards, and be legal and comply with EMF and any other applicable regulations.
  • Members in the space are encouraged to question safety, and any member can veto usage of an item (given stated safety reasons) until/unless approved by the committee (this can be via the mailing list if a majority of committee members write back online, or at a committee meeting.)

Likelihood - Rare, Consequences - Major

  • howto/safety/risk_assessment.txt
  • Last modified: 2014/02/07 22:09
  • (external edit)